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Florentine A Jones 1868 - Florentine A Jones, a Boston engineer, came to Switzerland and built IWC(International Watch Co.) in Schaffhausen. He built a new hydroelectric power plant to offer consecutive power for the machines and invited a watch maker who deeply knew the traditional watch making skill of Schaffhausen. The glorious history development of IWC was based on enthusiasm Mr. Jones. Digital Pocket Watches in 1885 1885 - The first watches that used patented Pallweber stystem were made, these watches had digital hour and minute display and IWC became the first brand to do this in the world. Magique Pocket Watch 1887 - "Magique" had been lauched, this pocket watch featured a cabriolet case and a 24-hour display, it could be used as a hunter or open-face pocket watch. Cal. 52 Movement 1893 - Started to produce Calibre 52 pocket watch movement. First Wristwatch in 1899 1899 - The first wristwatches we knew were lanched. Calibre 75 and 76 1915 - IWC firstly developed calibres for wristwatches, the Calibre 75 and 76. Square IWC with Cal.87 1931 - IWC created the rectangle wristwatch that looked graceful, and it was equipped with the new tonneau-shaped Calibre 87 movement. Mark IX 1935 - IWC firstly launched the Mark IX that was specially designed for pilots. Portuguese Wristwatch 1938 - IWC produced large Portuguese wristwatch that was equipped with accurate, reliable pocket watch movement. W.W.W. 1944 - IWC launched the waterproof wristwatch (W.W.W) that was the appropriative watch for the British Army. The characters W.W.W stood for Waterproof, Wrist and Watch. Pellaton System 1950 - IWC not only launched the first automatic movement that irritated a competition in watch field, but also reserched and developed the Pellaton Winding System that was still used in many movements. The Pellaton System is a patent of IWC. Ingenieur in 1955 1955 - The birth of automatic Ingenieur wristwatch. Its inner case material is antimagnetic soft iron. Cal. 44. 1959 - Researched and made Calibre 44 movement, which was IWC's first automatic movement for ladies wristwatches. Aquatimer Ref 812AD 1967 1967 - The Aquatimer Automatic was launched that was water-resistant to 200 meters, it was the watch for professional divers.(In fact, IWC was one of the pioneers that had been researching and manufacturing professional diver's watches, we have discussed its legendary diving watches and the cooperation with Porsche Design in topic "The Story of Diver's Watches", you can read it here, http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1121-the-story-of-divers-watches/) Da Vinci Quartz Da Vinci Beta-21 1970 - The first wristwatch that used Beta-21 quartz movement was born, named Da Vinci. Pocket Watch with Calibre 9721 1977 - The launch of Calibre 9721 movement. The first IWC pocket watch with calendar and moon phase display. IWC started to research and develop complicated watches. Porsche Design Compass Watch by IWC 1978 - The first compass watch was launched that stood for the begining of the 20-year cooperation between IWC and desiger F.A. Porsche. Porsche Design Ocean 2000 Bund by IWC 1982 - At the requirement of Federal German Navy, IWC launched Ocean 2000, which was waterproof to 2000 meters and completely antimagnetic. Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar 1985 - IWC launched the first Da Vinci wristwatch that had perpetual calendar function. It displayed the year with 4 digits, and you could adjust it through the crown. Grande Complication 1990 1990 - IWC launched a Grande Complication that had perpectual calendar, chronograph and minute repeater functions. It was the first time for IWC to apply so many complicated features in a wristwatch. II Destriero Scafusia 1993 - For celebrating the 125 anniversary of IWC, it launched 125 pieces of II Destriero Scafusia, the masterpiece featured a tourbillon, split-seconds, minute repeater and perpetual calendar. Mark XII 1994 - Mark XII Pilot's Watch continued the legend of Mark XI. Portuguese Small Seconds Novecento Automatic 1996 - IWC launched elegant Portuguese Automatic that featured a small second hand, and the Novecento Automatic watch, which was square and waterproof but didn't have perpetual calendar function. GST 1997 - The release of IWC GST sports watch line. UTC Pilot's Watch 1998 - IWC designers developed the UTC Pilot's Watch. Deep One 1999 - IWC launched the diver's watch GST Deep One, which was the first wristwatch with a mechanical depth gauge. Portuguese with Calibre 5000 2000 - IWC lauched a litmited edition, Portuguese Automatic, which used a new automatic movement that had 7 days power reserve. Big Pilot 2002 - At SIHH, IWC released the Big Pilot with 7-day movement, which was automatic winding and had power reserve and date display. The watch had the power reserve that was up to 168 hours. Portuguese Group Spitfire 2003 - IWC launched a new Portuguese Perpetual Calendar watch that had a newly designed perpectual calendar and exclusive hemisphere moon phase display. Another highlight was the Spitfire. Portuguese Minute Repeater Squelette in 2004 2004 - IWC launched a new gerneration of Aquatimer. Portuguese series also added new members: Portuguese Tourbillon Mystère, Portuguese Minute Repeater Squelette and Portuguese Automatic. Spitfire Chrono 2006 - IWC presented 5 modified pilot's watches, including Big Pilot and Pilot's Chrono. Spitfire series also had new face, for example, the large-size Spitfire Chronograph. Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Kurt Klaus Edition 2007 - IWC launched the tonneau-shaped Da Vinci collection, which included Da Vinci Chronograph, Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Kurt Klaus Edition. 2008 - On the 140th anniversary of tis foundation. IWC launched the unique re-edition series for paying tribute to the legendary base work of six big families. Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Digital Date-Month 2009 - IWC launched a new generation of Aquatimer and new models. The Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Digital Date-Month that had big digital display for date and month attracted much the attention of the public. Portuguese Tourbillon Mystere Retrograde in 2010 2010 - IWC launched the Tourbillon Mystere Retrograde that firstly combined the flying tourbillon and the retrograde function. Portofino Hand-Wound Eight Days Portuguese Sidérale Scafusia 2011 - The most eye-catching production was the Portofino Hand-Wound Eight Days that used the newest in-house Calibre 59210. Moreover, a new model Ingenieur Double Chronograph Titanium was lauched. In August, IWC presented the most unique and complicated mechanical watch - Portuguese Sidérale Scafusia. Top Gun Miramar 2012 - IWC launched five new Top Gun watches, a Spitfire Perpectual Calendar Digital Date-Month and a Pilot's- Watch Worldtimer. Ingenieur Constant-Force Tourbillon Ingenieur Perpetual Calendar Digital Date-Month 2013 - To celebrate the cooperation with MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS Formula One Team, IWC launched the upgraded Ingenieur, which included Ingenieur Constant-Force Tourbillon and Ingenieur Perpetual Calendar Digital Date-Month. Ingenieur Carbon Ingenieur Dual Time IWC Aquatimer Collection 2014 - Two new high-tech Ingenieur watches were released as well as three Aquatimer models. To fully understand the background of IWC watch, read more about its series introduction: Aquatimer: http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1219-the-historical-root-of-iwc-aquatimer/ Da Vinci: http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1227-a-brief-introduction-of-iwc-da-vinci/ Ingenieur: http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1198-the-classic-reappears-iwc-ingenieur/ Pilot's Watch: http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1156-flying-with-the-king-of-pilots-watch-iwc-pilots-watch/ Portofino: http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1246-the-representative-of-classic-iwc-portofino/ Portuguese: http://www.watchtalkforum.com/topic/1094-the-most-complete-introduction-of-iwc-portugieserportuguese/